Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Underachievers--Education; Underachievers--Counseling of;


Underachievement and lack of motivation are two matters of concern that are significantly affecting elementary children in North American classrooms (Wigfield & Eccles, 2002). School counselors have responsibilities to encourage and foster growth in children's learning through the use of combined techniques such as self-monitoring and self-evaluation. In addition, counselors are attempting to understand and further explore channels that may stifle a child's progress including, but not limited to: the classroom environment, the child's belief system, internal needs and cognitions, the child's sense of autonomy as well as competency, and basic needs of belonging and fun.

In aiding the underachieved child, it is imperative to familiarize oneself with early developmental theories in order to understand the basis of motivation. Counselors must also equip teachers with resources and a modified view of the classroom setting, various learning styles, and learning strategies that will benefit the child in need. Counselors working with children who lack motivation and underachieve, can create a safe place where children's maladaptive beliefs, perceptions, and attitudes are challenged.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Educational Leadership, Counseling, and Postsecondary Education

First Advisor

Roberto Clemente


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Date Original


Object Description

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