Graduate Research Papers


Graduate Research Paper (UNI Access Only)


Motion--Study and teaching (Secondary)--Iowa; Science--Study and teaching--Standards--Iowa;


In 2015, Iowa adopted the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) with the expectation that Iowa school districts would begin implementing the new standards (Iowa Department of Education, n.d.; NGSS Lead States, 2013h). The NGSS replaced the Iowa Core Standards, which were adopted in 2008. Prior to the Iowa Core Standards, science curriculum decisions were left to the individual school districts. The intention of Iowa Core Standards was to ensure that all students in Iowa had access to a rigorous and relevant education (Iowa Department of Education, 2006). The move from the Iowa Core to Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) was largely due in part to the quickly changing world we live in and that the Iowa Core did not meet current or future needs for science education (Iowa Department of Education, n.d.).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Science Education Program

First Advisor

Dawn Del Carlo

Date Original

Spring 2022

Object Description

1 PDF file (87 pages)

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



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