Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Maladaptive mechanisms due to an impoverished self-esteem have often been seen as part of dual-diagnosis as well as an underlying component in most presenting problems. Since Cognitive Therapy has had excellent results in addressing and elevating most self-esteem issues, a variety of cognitive interventions were explored.
However, the Cognitive Therapy framework does not always accommodate specific client needs such as an inability to verbalize due to trauma, intellectual or immaturity levels of cognition as well as cultural or language barriers. Therefore, a multi-modal approach was implemented to provide a framework to integrate Cognitive Therapy and creative interventions. Strengths and weaknesses of current research, as well as implications and recommendations for counseling interventions and preventative measures were expounded upon.
Year of Submission
Master of Arts
Educational Leadership, Counseling, and Postsecondary Education
1 PDF file (33 pages)
©2003 Barbara J. Fay
Fay, Barbara J., "Self-esteem : cognitive therapy and creative interventions" (2003). Graduate Research Papers. 609.