Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Educational technology--Russia (Federation); Elementary school teachers--Russia (Federation)--Attitudes;


The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in concerns toward the use of instructional media for pre-service Russian elementary education teachers. Participants were a combination of 16 second- and third-year students in the early childhood department of Herzen Pedagogical University located in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The Stages of Concern Questionnaire (SoCQ) was used to gather data for the study. A pre-test was administered before a specially designed series of seminars and workshops on instructional technologies for learning were conducted. Post-test results were gathered at the conclusion of the seminars and workshops. Findings indicated that awareness levels of the Russian pre-service students became less of a concern over time and that more attention was given to the refocusing stage. Middle stages in regards to the Stages of Concern only demonstrated moderate changes, which might suggest the length of the seminars and workshops could be extended.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Sharon E. Smaldino


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Date Original


Object Description

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