Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


The purpose of this literature review is to explore the concept of self-esteem and empowerment and to suggest ways of empowering women to develop self-esteem through counseling. To this end, first the review contains an explanation of the condition of women with a focus to their self-esteem. Second, this review provides definitions of self-esteem and an investigation of its importance, development, and the obstacles that prevent women from having self-esteem. Third, this paper will highlight the importance and the roots of empowerment and how empowerment relates to self-esteem. Fourth, it will explore the role of counseling in the development of self-esteem in women. Finally, this review will indicate strategies that counselors need to bear in mind with respect to counseling women who lack self-esteem.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Terry T. Kottman


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Date Original


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1 PDF file (31 leaves)



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