Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Since the mid-nineteenth century, higher education, in particular community colleges, has seen an increased demand to serve the training needs of business and industry. Today, business and industry insist their prospective employees be trained in both job-specific skills (hard) and general skills (soft). These soft skills are defined as management, leadership, teamwork, interpersonal communications, problem-solving, decision-making, and adaptability to change skills (Georges, 1988). However, Stephen Wehrenberg simply described soft skills as being purely mental functions (Wehrenberg, 1986). Hence, traditional occupational education methods of teaching only job-specific skills such as keyboarding, drafting, and auto mechanics are being challenged to include soft skills.


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this dissertation or thesis and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit a request to and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (61 leaves)



File Format


Included in

Education Commons