Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


At a workshop on whole language, attended recently by the writer, Andrea Butler, teacher, author and researcher, told of her recent research study of parent expectations. In the study, parents of very young children were given a survey to determine their expectations of their infants' language development. The parents' responses indicated that they all expected their children to learn to speak. Most of the parents believed their children would learn to read though many had reservations. Many of the parents hoped their children would learn to write but had concerns about this aspect of their children's development. This uncertainty associated with children's emerging language abilities reflects a common concern among many educators as well as parents. Learning to read and write is viewed as a complex, difficult process that many children may not succeed in.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Jeanne McLain Harms


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Date Original


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