Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Athletics and competition within the United States have been present for many years. Men have had organized competition at the collegiate level since the turn of the century when the National Collegiate Association For Athletics, (NCAA), was founded in 1905. The NCAA started out with a 13-school membership. On the other hand, the first time women had an opportunity to compete in a national collegiate tournament was in 1941 in golf. Prior to this, participation by,women was at the intramural, recreational level and even in these programs and events their involvement was minimal and confined to only a limited number of activities. The women's program has now grown to the point at which it is not uncommon for women to participate at the high school, collegiate and even the professional level. The Association of Intercollegiate Athletics for Women, (AIAW), is the governing body for female collegiate athletics. The Association sponsors 12 different sports and 20 national championships.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Audrey L. Smith


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