Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Smoking is known to cause disease and shorten life. Scientific findings on health dangers, government regulations for labels and advertising, lower insurance rates to non-smokers, and cash incentives to employees who stop smoking all serve as strong encouragers to kick the habit (Davies, 1986). Recent Iowa legislation and the nationwide trend for a smoke free societal environment are motivating forces to quit smoking permanently. Addiction to tobacco is a learned habit which is possible to relearn as the habit of nonsmoking (Hyder, 1979). Once the smoker begins asking. "Why do I smoke?", and begins to approach the problem from a deep, internal desire to examine his/her smoking habit, the counselor can be a resource person and facilitator for the smoker to deal with personal smoking issues (American Cancer Society, 1987).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Robert L. Frank


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