Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


There are numerous problems facing educators and students in today's schools. One problem of major concern is student passivity. Some students simply do not become actively involved in the learning process. They remain passive and withdrawn in instructional settings, and avoid contact with their teachers and peers. This is a situation that not only affects the passive student, but also the teacher and other members of the class. In researching the topic of student passivity, a possible solution presented itself. Cooperative learning is a strategy that, research suggests, enhances student involvement. While much research has been done on the topic of cooperative learning, and some research has been done on the topic of student passivity, there has been little scholarly effort devoted to connecting the two phenomena. This review does just that. A connection is made between the utilization of cooperative learning in a classroom, and the subsequent decrease of passivity among students. The recommendation of this review is that teachers should incorporate cooperative learning strategies in their classrooms in order to witness an increase in the level of involvement from all students. Further, it is recommended that educators take the necessary time to explain and implement the various aspects of cooperative learning: (a) heterogeneous groups, (b) positive interdependence, (c) group reward, (d) individual accountability, (e) success, and (f) reflection. A structured approach to the implementation of cooperative learning increases student participation and thus decreases student passivity.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction


Division of Elementary Education

First Advisor

Marcus Yoder

Second Advisor

Marvin Heller


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Date Original


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1 PDF file (23 leaves)



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