Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Council Bluffs Community Schools, in order to meet the needs of students, formally established two programs for able learners in 1986. They are called Challenge Centers and Talent Pools. The Challenge Centers are housed in four elementary schools within the district. They are available to all students who exhibit special needs in academic areas. These students comprise the upper one to two percent of the student population and are served by the Challenge Center teachers for two to three hours each day. The remainder of their day is very similar to that of other students in the school. The Challenge Center teacher is responsible for the students' learning within the academic areas of mathematics, language arts, and science. The curriculum is differentiated to meet the needs of these individual students while ensuring that the critical objectives of the district are met. Curriculum compacting is a standard component of this program.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

William Waack

Second Advisor

Marvin Heller


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Date Original


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