Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


As we near the year two thousand, now is an exciting and challenging time in education. There has been a dramatic change in our schools' populations and the statistics on the numbers of cruel realities our children face daily are staggering. Each day in America, over one thousand students dropout; two thousand students are abused; twenty seven children die of poverty; and thirteen million live in poverty (J. L. Doud, personal communication, June 14, 1993). The role of the education system is being reexamined constantly and more and more demands are being placed on the structure to fix all of society's problems. With all the scrutiny, the school must have the ability to achieve a level of productivity which provides for a high percentage of student mastery of basic skills as well as developing students who can cope and grow in this changing society. An effective school must have order and discipline and clear academic and social/behavioral goals. There must be teacher efficacy, as well as high expectations (for all) and pervasive caring. The school must also gain community support. The most crucial element a school must have in order to be effective is an effective principal and faculty (J. L. Doud, personal communication, June 15, 1993).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Dale R. Jackson


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