Open Access Graduate Research Paper
The United States is in the midst of a second public health revolution (Califano, 1979). The success of the first revolution during the late nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century lead to the control or eradication of major acute diseases such as; influenza, pneumonia, diphtheria, tuberculosis and gastrointestinal infections. While the death rates from these major diseases fell sharply, from 580 for every 100,000 people in 1900 to less than 30 people per 100,000 in 1970, the proportion of mortality from major chronic and degenerative diseases, such as cancer, stroke and heart disease, increased more than two hundred-fifty percent, and are now responsible for seventy-five percent of all deaths in this country (Califano, 1979). The primary problem has now shifted from acute diseases, caused by bacteria or viruses, to chronic and degenerative diseases (i.e., heart disease, cancer and stroke), which are contributed largely to by unhealthy behaviors such as poor nutritional intake, inadequate physical exercise, and inappropriate stress management techniques.
Year of Submission
Master of Arts in Education
Department of Educational Psychology: Teaching
Thomas R. Berg
Charles V. L. Dedrick
1 PDF file (51 leaves)
©1983 John William Preston
Preston, John William, "The relationship between field dependence/field independence and health behaviors of high school students" (1983). Graduate Research Papers. 3132.