Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Historically, the role of the principal in the elementary school has been one of management, discipline, supervision and the coordination of these three elements. The principal managed the physical plant, the budget and supplies, and support personnel. She/he disciplined students and staff when necessary and generally supervised all of these elements with a smooth-running operation being the primary goal. For the first half of the Twentieth Century the principal operated successfully in this authoritarian manner (Giammatteo 1981). Increasingly, however, this historical role has been challenged.
Year of Submission
Master of Arts in Education
Department of Educational Administration and Counseling
1 PDF file (21 leaves)
©1986 Karen Nord Murtinger
Murtinger, Karen Nord, "Instructional leadership: The challenge changing the face of the principalship" (1986). Graduate Research Papers. 2981.