Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


In 1971, the U.S. Commissioner of Education, Sidney P. Marland, announced that a new program sponsored by his department would combine college preparatory, vocational, and general education into one area called career education (Smith, 1975). This announcement marked a new federal push for career development in the nation's public schools. In 1978, Congress assumed an even greater role by passing the Career Education Incentive Act. This act provided matching federal funds to states for systems to teach young people what they need to know to enter careers (Stone, 1978). By 1981, career education had become part of classroom activities in 9,000 of the nation's 16,000 public school districts (Kaercher, 1981). The movement into career education coincided with a movement that questioned educational programs, the accountability movement.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of School Administration and Personnel Services

First Advisor

Audrey L. Smith


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