Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


The current thrust for educational reform in American public schools is aimed toward efficiency, effectiveness, and accountability within existing educational programs and practices. The situation is escalated further as rapid development in the area of technology necessitates curriculum reform to accommodate students• need for "new knowledge and skills" to compete in the job market of the future. Wood, Freeland and Szabo (1985) contend that the current movement is "more on target" than past efforts in educational reform: "Change is directed at the school and not the district or individual. The primary means for achieving improvement in student learning is staff development. The source of improvement is research on effective schools and effective instructional practices. Planning is proactive, long range, and systematic" (p. 63). As educators turn to research for answers to the question of what constitutes an effective school, the concept of "instructional articulation" has re-emerged and gained momentum. For over a century, educators have discussed the problems resident in instructional articulation. President Eliot of Harvard University emphasized it in discussions with his faculty in the 1880s. These early 2 discussions were directed at the transition of students from high school to college.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

James E. Albrecht


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