Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Children of women prisoners--Counseling of;


Since 1990, the female prison population has increased significantly. In the United States, there are 721,500 incarcerated individuals who are parents of minor children. Many of these parents are mothers who experienced drug use and came from single parent families living in poverty.

Since 60 percent of children are primarily cared for by their mother, maternal incarceration results in many children being removed from their homes, resulting in internal and external problems as well as academic concerns. In addition, this situation can lead to emotional issues, such as grief and loss, and problems related to social adjustment. Consequently, children of incarcerated mothers may alarm school counselors as well as other school officials.

The purpose of this paper is to discuss issues related to incarcerated mothers and the effects the incarceration has on the children, as well as to examine how school counselors can assist children of incarcerated mothers.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Educational Leadership, Counseling, and Postsecondary Education

First Advisor

Ann Vernon


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Date Original


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