Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Educational technology--Handbooks, manuals, etc; Teaching--Aids and devices;


University of Northern Iowa students desiring to become educators are required to enroll in an introductory basic technology course. Integrating technology has become an important issue in American schools. Ritchie and Baylor (1997) argue teacher candidates will be required to demonstrate their knowledge and skills in educational technologies before acquiring their teaching credentials. How to help future educators grasp technology-related competencies and the use of technology when teaching is being addressed by many institutions of higher learning within their teacher education programs. Ritchie and Baylor suggest that in addition to providing demonstrations and hands-on experience, reference aids which detail the steps used during instruction should also be available to the students.

To develop the required reference guide, three primary principles were incorporated: delivering effective training, how to teach people to use computers, and instructional development. It is the writer's opinion that it is important to use a systematic method of instructional development during the development of training materials.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Sharon E. Smaldino


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Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (i, 29 pages)



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