Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Language arts (Kindergarten); Reading (Kindergarten); Visual learning;


This review of literature examined the impact of See The Sound/Visual Phonics (STSNP), a supplemental instructional strategy, on kindergarten students, especially those at risk for future reading challenges. STSNP is an instructional strategy originally designed for use with children who are deaf/hard of hearing, that utilizes the multi-sensory tool of gesture to focus on the development of phonemic awareness skills. Research reviewed for this study first examined the importance of phonemic awareness in overall literacy development. Additional studies reviewed establish support for the use of multi-sensory instructional approaches, including the specific use of gesture to help efficiently encode information. This review concludes with a variety of research that supports the use of STSNP as an effective tool to promote letter-sound connections in both children who are deaf/hard of hearing and hearing students, especially those at risk for reading failure.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Betty Zan


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Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (v, 47 pages)



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