Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Children's literature in mathematics education; Mathematics--Study and teaching (Early childhood);


"Historically there have been three reasons for groups to formally adopt a set of standards: (1) to ensure quality, (2) to indicate goals, and (3) to promote change. For NCTM, all three reasons are of equal importance" (The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 1989, p. 2).

Now, more than any other time in history, mathematical reform is essential in our school systems. The traditional mathematics curriculum was designed to prepare shopkeepers, farmers, and factory workers for occupations in the early 1900s. Some of those skills are still useful in today's society. However, as the new millennium approaches, our future citizens require an education in mathematics that goes far beyond basic computational skills. Research has revealed that although students can perform arithmetic computations adequately, they are not able to use their skills to solve problems (Burns, 1992). All students must "deepen their understanding of mathematical concepts and processes, and develop their problem solving, reasoning, and communication abilities while using mathematics to make sense of, and to solve, compelling problems" (NCTM, 1996a).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Deborah L. Tidwell


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Date Original


Object Description

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