Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Heart--Diseases; African Americans--Health and hygiene; African Americans--Diseases;
The rate of hypertension and cardiovascular disease for African Americans is disproportionately higher compared to Whites Americans. Previous research has focused much of its attention on biological and socioeconomic differences as a pathway to explain the disparity in rates of cardiovascular disease. Reviewed is the connection between socioeconomic status and cardiovascular disease, but also extends the reach of etiology to include racially induced cardiovascular reactivity responses in African American. Stereotype threat occurs when a member of a stereotyped group encounters a situation where a stereotype exists, the threat of confirming the stereotype produces an exaggerated cardiovascular response. This model takes into account mediating factors such as perceptions and conceptualizations of race and stereotype as important markers which influence the degree of cardiovascular response demonstrated, thus African Americans who perceived greater racial stress, also demonstrated greater cardiovascular response. Stereotype threat may provide an explanation and a possible pathway to the etiology of hypertension disparity in African Americans.
Date of Award
Master of Science
School of Health, Physical Education, and Leisure Services
Division of Health Promotion and Education
Catherine Zeman, Chair
1 PDF file (iv, 80 pages)
©2013 Anthony Gage
Gage, Anthony, "What are the mechanisms of action of stereotype threat and how does it contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease in African Americans" (2013). Graduate Research Papers. 42.