Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Group counseling for teenagers; Counseling in middle school education;


This literature review examined how to implement an advisory program into middle schools. This review looked at the pros and cons of advisory programs, and what needed to be considered before implementing an advisory program.

The topic of advisory programs was chosen after having discussions during my graduate program, as well as with work colleagues. During class discussions, advisory programs sounded like a wonderful concept. But when I went to work, my coworkers made advisory programs sound like a waste of time. I decided I needed to learn more about advisory programs, so I could make my own decision about their value.

I used the following questions to guide my search: (a) What are the parts that make up an advisory program? And (b) How does a school implement an effective advisory program in a school setting?

Following an extensive literature review, the conclusion was that advisory programs must be thought through before implementing one in a school. In the planning stages, roles need to be determined~ everybody in the school, mainly teachers and administration, needs to agree to take part in the program to make it work successfully. Also, questions dealing with the curriculum, program evaluation, and scheduling must be answered. An important idea to remember about advisory programs is that there are students who feel as though they do not fit in with their peers, except during advisory time, and everybody likes to feel as though they belong.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Jean S. Schneider


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Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (vi, 27 pages)



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