Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


The present study focuses on published materials of the last 15 years, concerning academic achievement of American and Chinese only children. Academic profiles of the only children of the two countries are compared and major causal factors of their academic outcomes are discussed. The topics examine a) family configuration, b) parent-child relationship, c) parent SES, and d) school quality. Results of this investigation indicate that only children in China and the United States enjoy advantages in academic development compared with non-only children, but that various factors impact on academic outcomes in diverse ways. As predicted, some factors such as family size and parents' education, clearly contribute to children's cognitive development. But this relationship is complex; in fact the data indicate that economic factors may substantially explain what initially appears to be a birth order effect.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Psychology and Foundations


General Educational Psychology

First Advisor

Ralph Scott

Second Advisor

Charles V. L. Dedrick


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Date Original


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1 PDF file (56 leaves)



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