Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


In 1987 the Iowa legislature began looking at the number of foster care placements and their cost to the state (Rode, 1991). Between 1982-1987 there has been a 40% increase in foster care placements despite an 8% decline in the state's child population (Rode, 1991). Fuqua and Conger (1987) projected that the need for foster care in Iowa would continue to grow and the number of available foster care family homes would continue to decline. This increase was believed to be in part due to the lack of any formal statewide program with the capacity to intervene effectively in the kind of severe family crises that often result in out-of-home placements (The Center for the Study of Social Policy, 1988). Removing the child from the home was often seen as "in the best interest of the child" and as a quick solution to a family's problem (Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, 1985). In addition, federal laws encouraged foster care placement by providing reimbursement for foster care (Jones, 1985).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Robert T. Lembke


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