Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Assertive communication is the total message that is being sent or received between two or more people (Cooper, 1979). That total message consists of the spoken word and the non-spoken form of communication. Assertive nonverbal communicati_on, often referred to as NVC, has a source and a receiver and like the word communication; NVC has a wide range of definitions. One definition that seems to summarize many authors'. views is "Those attributes or actions of humans, other than the use of words themselves, which socially share meaning and are intentionally sent or interpreted as intentional as consciously ,sent or consciously received, and have the potential for feedback from the receiver" (Burgoon & Saine, "1978, p. 6). Other definitions include "actions without words", "communication without words", "message without words", and "all the cues that are not words". Edward Sapor says "it is an elaborate code that is written nowhere, known to none, and understood by all" (p. 6).

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Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Norman McCumsey


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