Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Like other government run institutions, the American juvenile justice system is in trouble. Since the passage of the first Juvenile Court Act in Illinois in 1899, a great discrepancy between the intended goals and the practical reality still remains. As Richette (1969) pointed out: It seems paradoxical that a nation otherwise obsessed with childrearing techniques should treat so casually the official machinery it set up to deal with children who get into trouble or need protection (p. 5). Meanwhile, delinquency rates continue to rise at an alarming pace and each of the components of the juvenile justice system seemingly continues to operate largely independent of one another. There seems also to be a lack of confidence and interaction between the deliquent [sic] youth and the correctional officers who direct their daily activities. Such behavior is detrimental to the officers, the youths, the parents and the society to which the youth ultimately return.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Robert T. Lembke


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