Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Several years in the classroom as a fifth grade math instructor has left this instructor with many questions and concerns. One of the most intriguing is: does tlra type of clock face used during instruction have any effect on a student's ability to understand the concept of time·and the ability to tell time? With modern technology, digital time devices are becoming more and more common in our society. Many students can successfully read these digital clocks, but still have a difficult time actually understanding the meaning of what they have read. Two completely and distinctly different mental tasks were involved. One task concerns the understanding of the concept of time, and the other the reading of a time measuring device. The concept of time includes the passage of time, chronological sequencing of events, and the duration of time periods. The skill of telling time deals with the ability to read a clock, recording that time, and predicting times after determined intervals (Horak and Horak, 1983).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Marvin Heller


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this dissertation or thesis and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit a request to and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (28 leaves)



File Format


Included in

Education Commons