Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


In the 1880 1 s, with increased urbanization and industrialization in the United States, came the problem of growing numbers of children who could not be adequately cared for by their families. Public assistance was non-existent. Charity was administered privately at the discretion of the benefactor (Jones, Neuman & Shyne, 1976). Until recently, society's response to the problem of inadequately cared for children was to remove the child from the situation, thus 11 protecting11 their rights. Child welfare agencies are now discovering that this is often not the best way to meet these children's needs, but rather that the most crucial time to provide services to them is while they remain in the home (Cautley, 1980). Children can best be protected by providing services to their families.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Audrey L. Smith

Second Advisor

Robert T. Lembke


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Date Original


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