Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Literacy can be defined as the ability to make use of all available possibilities of written language to create meaning (Smith, 1983). With this definition in mind, a teacher finds support in developing a learning environment in which children can encounter a whole array of opportunities to extend their reading and writing abilities. A nurturing environment allows children to bring their experiences to reading and writing in order to engage in predicting and risk taking which is what comprehension and composition of written materials is all about. Then they can acquire basic insights into written language: Print needs to be meaningful, and written language is different from speech (Smith, 1983). Children can develop language abilities to comprehend written material through a variety of experiences such as dramatization, storytelling, poetry, reciting/reading and reading fiction and nonfiction.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Jeanne McLain Harms


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this dissertation or thesis and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit a request to and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (21 leaves)



File Format


Included in

Education Commons