Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


With millions of computers now in place in our society, we can safely assume that in one form or another they are here to stay. In fact, it is difficult to think of any sector of our society that is not adapting to this technology (Caissy, 1987). It is also safe to say that the idea of computers being used in education is not to be short lived. Research on the use of computers in elementary schools supports this assumption. According to reports from the 1985 National Survey: Institutional Uses of School Computers. (Becker, 1986) the proportion of U.S. elementary schools having five or more computers in the building jumped from 7% in 1983 to 54% in 1 985 (Buckleitner & Hohmann, 1987). During the 1984-85 school year alone, approximately 1 5 million students and 500,000 teachers used computers as part of their school's instructional program (Becker, 1986). In October, 1991, Sally Bowman, Director of the Computer Learning Foundation, stated that five years ago there was one computer to every 35 students in our classrooms. Today there is one computer for every 20 students (Bowman, 1 991 ).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Charles R. May

Second Advisor

Marvin Heller

Third Advisor

Sharon Smaldino


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Date Original


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