Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


From the White House to the statehouse to our local schools, politicians, educators, and even some parents have been worrying about the condition of education in our schools. Some criticize our present educational system, citing reports about the inability of American students to perform as well on content area tests as students from other nations (Brooks & Brooks, 1993 ). Many educators believe that questions regarding understanding and meaning are much more important than the results derived from achievement tests: the process is valued more than the product. Even though educators may feel this way, many still do skill and drill tasks, standardized testing, and go step by step through a text manual to teach their students. Some teachers believe it's much easier and less time consuming to use a manual for the concepts and key ideas rather than pulling together materials from different resources to teach a unit. As a result, children being taught skills in isolation are not learning to apply those skills in context.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Judith M. Finkelstein

Second Advisor

Charles R. May


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this dissertation or thesis and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit a request to and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (44 leaves)



File Format


Included in

Education Commons