Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


A distinct characteristic of this century has been the increase in population of individuals 60 years of age and older (Galbraith, 1986). Recent medical advances have enabled more people to live longer, healthier lives (Galbraith, 1986). Most affected by these advances have been individuals 75 years and older. The United States Bureau of Census (1973) reported that between 1960 and 1970 the number of persons in the 75 years and older category increased at nearly three times the rate of those in the 65-75 age group. Between 1970 and 1980, the 75 years and over population increased an additional 2.4 million. With nearly 16 percent of the total population, or 36.5 million persons, 60 years and over, "a graying" of America is occurring (U.S. Census, 1982). It is projected that by the year 2030, 17 percent of the total American population, or 52 million people, will be age 65 or over (U.S. Bureau of Census, 1975).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Ann Vernon


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