Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Gangs and their disruptive activities are increasing on school campuses. Once an inner-city phenomenon, gangs are attracting children in suburban, small town, and rural schools. Each morning the media presents new headlines about violent acts committed by, and against, those considered to be children by the legal system in the United States. The 1994 Gallup Poll reported that the public believed the main cause(s) for increased violence in the nation's public schools are increased use of drugs and alcohol, growth of youth gangs, the easy availability of weapons, and a general breakdown in the American family as very important (cited in Elam, Rose, & Gallup, 1994).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Terry Kottman


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