Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Instructional efforts that attempt to adapt to individual differences have existed for many years. The formal development of individual instructional programs in America started in the later decades of the last century as opposition to the age-graded, systematic manner in which all students, regardless of differences among them, were confined to study the same materials in the same way for the same length of time (Gibbons, 1971). Although most instruction has continued in the tradition of the whole-class, graded system, an increasing number of programs that have made education more amenable to differences among students have been developed. Many of these programs are referred to as individualized instruction.
Year of Submission
Master of Arts in Education
Department of Curriculum and Instruction
1 PDF file (31 leaves)
©1988 Diane McCarty
McCarty, Diane, "The effects of individualized instruction on the affective responses of fifth grade students toward mathematics" (1988). Graduate Research Papers. 2880.