Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Educational decision making in the past has reflected its business counterpart in developing a centralized body or person to make decisions. Over the past fifteen years, there has been a decided shift in both areas, especially pronounced currently in education, to a more de-centralized process of decision making, incorporating more persons and more levels into the final decision. This shift can best be seen in School Based Management models, Participatory Decision Making models, Teacher Empowerment models, and Shared Decision Making models, all of which compare basically to their business counterpart of Quality Circles. These models share a common idea of incorporating the mainstream worker/teacher into the "structure" for decision making. The purpose is to enhance the personal or intrinsic satisfaction of the worker/teacher and to create better and lasting decisions.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

James E. Albrecht


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Date Original


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1 PDF file (18 leaves)



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