Open Access Graduate Research Paper
African-Americans are the largest ethnic minority group in the United States (Ruiz, 1990). The United States Bureau of Census reported 30.8 million African-Americans lived in this country in 1992 (Paniagua, 1994). The United States Bureau of Census projected that 37 million African-Americans will be residing in this country by the year 2000 (Atkinson, Morton, & Sue, 1993). With this growing population of African-Americans comes the likelihood of counselors and therapists becoming more involved in counseling this population. 1 Mental health professionals can become better prepared to counsel African-Americans by becoming aware of such factors as the historical and cultural influence of African values on African-American families, gender role socialization of African-Americans and family role flexibility, and the social and economic conditions of African-Americans. These factors have had and continue to have an impact upon the lives of many African-Americans. This paper will give mental health professionals some insight into the unique issues and problems faced by African-Americans and offer some guidelines as to how to become more effective in counseling this population.
Year of Submission
Master of Arts
Department of Educational Administration and Counseling
1 PDF file (43 leaves)
©1995 Ethel M. Love
Love, Ethel M., "Multicultural counseling: What counselors need to be aware of when counseling African-American clients" (1995). Graduate Research Papers. 2821.