Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Underachievement is a major threat to the excellence movement in American education. Underachievers are students who demonstrate good verbal skills in class discussions and may score well on standardized IQ tests, but do poorly on written assignments and teacher-made tests. They are identified as underachievers by splits of more than 20 points between verbal and nonverbal scores. Underachievement is due to a variety of factors: low self-esteem, poor expectations from teachers and parents, peer pressure, and learning disabilities. These factors prevent students from learning the skills they need to succeed in school. Skills that are important for them to learn include test-taking, effective use of textbooks, mnemonics, and story mapping . Teachers need to model these skills before students can learn their use.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Psychology and Foundations

First Advisor

Charles Dedrick


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Date Original


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1 PDF file (64 leaves)



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