Graduate Research Papers
Individual and universal shyness characteristics in elementary students: Implications for counseling
Open Access Graduate Research Paper
The basic feeling of shyness is universal (Hyson, 1987). Researchers have found that over 40% of North Americans are presently shy and over 80% of the population reported that they have been shy at some point in their lives (Ishiyama, 1984). Zimbardo's survey (cited in Christian, 1982) of 5,000 people from the United States and other countries found shyness to be common and universal. In every culture that he studied, at least 25% of the members considered themselves to be presently shy (Christian, 1982). These and other statistics gathered from self-reports indicate that shyness effects a majority of people at some time in their lives and/or in some situations (Honig, 1987; Ishiyama, 1984).
Year of Submission
Master of Arts in Education
Department of Educational Administration and Counseling
1 PDF file (35 leaves)
©1993 Karen K. Lindberg
Lindberg, Karen K., "Individual and universal shyness characteristics in elementary students: Implications for counseling" (1993). Graduate Research Papers. 2798.
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