Open Access Graduate Research Paper
According to the American Psychiatric Association (1980), the characteristic traits of depression are quite well established. Symptoms include dysphoric mood, insomnia, psychomotor agitation or retardation, loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities, loss of energy and fatigue, feelings of worthlessness, diminished ability to think or concentrate, and thoughts of death or suicidal ideation/attempt. Depressed persons also have been characterized as self-deprecating and unrealistically pessimistic as well as suffering from distorted cognitive processes (Coyne & Gotlib, 1983). The only essential criterion for a diagnosis of major depression is that the syndrome be present for at least two weeks (Willner, 1985).
Year of Submission
Master of Arts
Department of Educational Administration and Counseling
1 PDF file (21 leaves)
©1986 Kenneth Edward Klingman
Klingman, Kenneth Edward, "A review of selected neurochemical and cognitive hypotheses of depression" (1986). Graduate Research Papers. 2711.