Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


This study reviews the literature concerning the effects of prenatal exposure to cocaine on learning. The following questions were addressed: (I) What are the characteristics and problems of children prenatally exposed to cocaine? (2) How can schools prepare for and assess cocaine-exposed children? (3) What is a proper learning environment for cocaine-exposed children? (4) How can intervention and prevention be considered in prenatal cocaine-exposed children? There is an increase in cocaine usage and the number of infants born prenatally exposed to cocaine. The literature reviewed examines characteristics of prenatal cocaine-exposed babies and toddlers. These children are in classroom settings and teachers must be prepared to meet the needs of these children. Cocaine-exposed children may require adaptations to their educational environment and physical environment. Intervention and prevention strategies are essential in educating everyone to help decrease the number of infants who are prenatally exposed to cocaine.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Charles R. May


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Date Original


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1 PDF file (33 leaves)



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