Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


A social role is defined as a pattern of expected behaviors common to everyone who holds a specific position in society; a policeman, mother, teacher, counselor, or coach (Locke and Massengale, 1978, p. 162). Hollingshead (1965), using basically the same definition, says that an occupational role is a specific activity, with a market value, which an individual can continually pursue, that supplies a steady flow of income, displays a technology of specific manual and mental operations, and produces a prestige attached to the occupation in accordance with the values of the community (p. 15). Under these two viewpoints, both counseling and coaching would be considered separate occupations. This research deals with combining these two roles into one position and the extent and intensity of role conflict that may arise.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of School Administration and Personnel Services

First Advisor

Robert L. Frank


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