Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Walter Dick and Lou Carey (1985) wrote about the two different views of the role of the teacher. The role of the teacher is to effectively instruct students. No instructor would deny that the tools of the trade fall into the categories of preparation, presentation and evaluation. The role of the student is to learn what is being taught. Traditionally the burden of the effectiveness of this relationship has been placed on the instructor. However this view is changing because, it doesn't matter how great a subject matter expert a teacher becomes or how well they've mastered their educational technique the relationship cannot be successful if the learner is physically or emotionally absent. This situation is multiplied when a student's behavior disrupts the learning process for the entire class. The contemporary view of this teacher/student relationship is a shared responsibility for learning. In order to facilitate the teacher/student relationship and ensure the success of the learning process all classrooms operate by rules (written and unwritten), of acceptable standards of behavior. Knowingly breaking a rule is labeled by a spectrum of terms from misbehavior to non-conformity. Envisioned on a linear scale, non-conformity would be the most extreme form of misbehavior. The traditional response for breaking a rule {misbehaving) has been punishment. The contemporary response is discipline. Punishment emphasizes penalty. Discipline emphasizes reward (Rezmierski, 1987).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Sharon E. Smaldino


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