Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Walker and Vogt (1987) state that today's school systems cannot afford to be static institutions because the environment in which they exist demands change at a rapidly increasing rate. Past research indicates that principals spent a large amount of time on housekeeping chores and in meetings with other administrative personnel (Sarason, 1982). Sarason further adds that the smooth operation of the system often becomes an end in itself and that anything or anyone interfering with this smoothness will be closely scrutinized. Goodlad (1969) indicates that administrators favor teachers who maintain orderly classrooms, keep accurate records and maintain stable relations with parents and communities. Jwaideh's, (1984) research indicates that principals are often recruited from among teachers who demonstrate orderliness and because administrators are rewarded for maintaining the system they are unlikely to challenge it or reward subordinates who do.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Robert H. Decker


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this dissertation or thesis and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit a request to and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (18 leaves)



File Format


Included in

Education Commons