Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


If we look back on the history of education in the United States, we find many patterns of school organization. Prior to the establishment of middle schools, the middle level of schooling was commonly known as junior high school. According to Van Til, et al., (1967), the first junior high school was established at Columbus, Ohio in 1909. Since then, both the 8-4 plan and 8-5 plan, the standard organizational patterns used for public schooling in the United States after the Civil War, have been gradually changed to the newer form--the 6-3-3 plan. The first prompting to establish a junior high school came in a report of a subcommittee of the Committee of Ten on Secondary School Studies.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Marvin O. Heller

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (60 leaves)