Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Alcoholism or alcohol abuse is a multi-dimensional social phenomenon that cannot be easily understood, nor can it be defined in a simplistic or straight forward manner (Roebuck & Kessler, 1972). Any attempt to comprehensively understand the nature of alcoholism among blacks must acknowledge the fact that it has multiple causes, many of which are external to the individual (Watts & Wright, 1983). Any discussion of black alcoholism must acknowledge that certain socioeconomic and environmental factors are key determinants of alcohol problems among blacks (Kane, 1981), from etiology (Helmer, 1975), to prevention (Crisp, 1980), to policy (Yabura, 1975), to treatment and all aspects of the problem.
Year of Submission
Master of Arts
Department of Educational Administration and Counseling
Robert T. Lembke
1 PDF file (23 leaves)
©1988 Charissa L. Gainous
Gainous, Charissa L., "Black alcoholism: Etiology, counseling and treatment" (1988). Graduate Research Papers. 2399.