Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Several problems are evident when examining the use of paradox in family therapy. Experts in the field vary on the definition of paradox; how to label and categorize paradox; when to use or not use paradox; and the very nature of paradox as a therapy ingredient. Many experts express the opinion that paradox is part of the essence of life and relationships, particularly the therapist/client relationship. In this paper it will be assumed the reader has a knowledge of family· therapy and a frame of reference or theory base from which they operate. How paradox can be defined; the nature of therapy as a paradoxical situation; and "types" of paradox will be explored . Case examples will be used to exemplify pertinent points. It will help to first look at the complexity of defining paradox before discussing how paradox can be categorized.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Robert T. Lembke


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