Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Students -- Attitudes; Students -- Psychology;


"The role of the professional educator is to be familiar with those factors affecting learning and to design educational experiences that maximize the learning that occurs" (Armstrong, 1987, p. 157). If professional educators want learners to gain the most from education, they must consider those factors affecting learners' learning. For example, as noted by Kemp (1985), suppose that you had never known the design of instruction, and you begin your lecture at the first class meeting of your course. You have put a lot of work into developing the beginning unit in order to influence students with the value of the subject. Detailed statistical content from recent research and complex explanations are contained in your lecture. As you continue, you sense response: a few students are listening seriously and rapidly taking notes; other students appear puzzled; and some students look thoroughly indifferent. It is the only opportunity for all of them know this important information! Is there anything wrong? It may be that in your groundwork, you have paid little attention to the nature of the learners, learners' aptitudes and preparation levels, learners' degree of motivation, or other learners' characteristics which related to interest and success in learning.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Sharon E. Smaldino


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Date Original


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