Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Science -- Study and teaching (Elementary);


I was made acutely aware of the lack of science education in the elementary grades during a spring, 1995, class at the University of Northern Iowa, entitled Analysis and Improvement of Science in the Elementary Classroom. Currently in American schools, elementary science classes receive a mere 10% of the instructional time (Abell & Roth, 1992). As an elementary teacher of 25 years in second, third and fourth grades, I know this was true in my classroom as well as being a generally accepted practice among other elementary teachers. During my preservice preparation the emphasis of college training and student teaching was in the reading/language arts areas. It was possible to graduate in 1960 in a two-year teacher training program at my junior college without a single course in the teaching of science, but several reading/language courses were required. In the three elementary schools where I have taught, reading/language arts was the main focus of the academic day.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction


Division of Elementary Education

First Advisor

Marcus Yoder

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (21 leaves)