Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Counseling in elementary education; Self-esteem in children;
In reviewing the literature of guidance and counseling studies over the past fifteen years, several key ideas emerge. Among these is the popular trend toward "planned sequential, developmentally-based guidance curriculum". A major focus of this developmental concept is the building of "self" as a keystone. The terms "self-esteem", "self-awareness", "self-concept" or ''self-acceptance", are at the heart of most elementary guidance programs. Self-perceptions held by the child have been of mixed concern in education for a long time. In the not-so-distant past it was felt that a child's sense of self needed to be broken down before truly effective learning could-take place! Today, however, the positive correlation between healthy self-concept and academic achievement can not be ignored.
Year of Submission
Master of Arts in Education
Department of Educational Administration and Counseling
1 PDF file (26 leaves)
©1992 Jack L. Darland Jr.
Darland, Jack L. Jr., "Development of self-concept in elementary school guidance and counseling programs: Counselor as leader" (1992). Graduate Research Papers. 2202.