Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Educational professionals upon registering for the 1986 Student Affairs Institute, being hosted by Iowa State University, in, Iowa, were presented a button with the following equation B = f(P x E) stamped upon it. Upon inquiry it was found the equation was one developed in part by James Banning, Vice President for Student Affairs, Colorado State University and part of an emerging new approach to providing post secondary student services. The equation translation is that behavior is a function of the interaction of persons and the environment. In regards to post secondary education this relationship is often times referred to as the campus ecology model. According to Crookston (1975), "This approach focuses attention on the interdependent relationships that exist among all parts of the campus environment, including physical structures, organization, and people, and treats as a major concern the effect of the environment on the well being of students" (Evans, 1983, p. 293).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Jack F. Kimball


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